The "Bihu" is the most popular festival in Assam. There are three different types of Bihu festivals celebrated in three different times throughout the year in different festive moods.
1. Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu: It starts from the 1st day of Hindu Calendar year in the month of April. It is regarded as a festival of Joy, Love, Respect, Devotion etc. Traditional Bihu Dances are performed with Bihu Songs among the youngsters. Traditional gifts (especially "Gamosa" or home made towels) are exchanged. Enjoyed various sweets and recipes. This festival welcomes the Spring Season and Hindu New Year.
2. Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu: This festival is celebrated in the Hindu month Kartika (October-November). During this time, farmers faces extreme financial problems as the paddy in the fields are in their growing stage. In the evening, People lit a lamp made of soil at the bottom of Holy "Tulasi Plant" (Ocimum tenuiflorum) , gardens along with all dark corners of household. Insects and flies damage the cultivation, that is why the cultivators whirl a piece of bamboo and recite "Rowa-Khowa" chants and they spells to ward off pests, insects and the evil eye. Cows and Cattle are fed special rice items called pitha.
3. Bhogali Bihu or Magh Bihu: Bogali Bihu or Magh Bihu is celebrated on the day of "Makar Sankranti" in the month of January. It is also known as harvest festival or food festival. This festival marks the end of harvesting season. Youngsters make a temporary cottage (Bhelaghar) and a bonfire (Meji) in the harvesting field with paddy wastes and bamboo. Dinner party is organized in this cottage. After dinner, all the youngsters enjoys the whole night with traditional Bihu Songs and Bihu Dance. Next morning at the dawn, all people take bath in the river and gather around the Bhelaghar and Meji. They put fire to the meji and throw Pithas (Cakes made of Rice) in it praying the God of Fire and mark the end of the harvesting year.
The "Ambubachi Mela" is a Hindu festival celebrated every year at Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati city. It is celebrated during the monsoon season in the month of June when sun transit to the zodiac of Mithuna when the Brahmaputra river is in spate. It is celebrated on the occasion of annual menstruation period of Goddess Kamakhya. Millions of people Sages & Saints, Tantrik from the entire world come to take part in this festival. This festival is also known as "Ameti" or "Tantrik Fertility Festival". Read more........
The "Ali-Aye-Ligang" is a Spring festival celebrated by the Mising Community of Assam. This festival marks onset of sowing seeds. It is celebrated on the 1st Wednesday of Phaguna month (February). This festival is celebrated with music & dance especially "oi-nitom" songs as well as foods and recipes. The most popular music instruments used to colour this festival are Dhol, Taal, Pepa & Gogona etc.
BRAHMAPUTRA BEACH FESTIVAL:
The "Brahmaputra Beach festival" is celebrated at the river bank of Brahmaputra at the time of "Magh Bihu", the harvest festival of Assam. This festival promotes indigenous culture of Assam as well as traditional games & sports, handicrafts, home industries etc. It is sponsored by "Assam Boat Racing and Rowing Association (ABRRA)" in collaboration with the "Assam Tourism Development Corporation (ATDC)". The main attractions of this festival are Mini Trade Fairs with Exhibition of Traditional Crafts, sports like Beach Cricket, Beach Volley Ball, River rafting, wind surfing, paragliding etc. Traditional games like cock fighting, elephant races are also organized.
Important Information About Assam
Area: 78,438 km2
Population: 3,11,69,272 (2012)
Literacy Rate: 73.18 %
Main City: Guwahati
Main River: Brahmaputra & Barak
Religion: Hindu, Vaishnav, Muslim, Christian and more
Coordinates: 26.20060N, 92.93760E
Total Districts: 34
Regional Language: Assamese, Bodo, Mising, Karbi, Bengali
Main Festival: Bihu
State Bird: White-winged duck
State Animal: One horned Rhino
State Flower: Kapou Phool (Rhyncostylis Retusa)
State Tree: Hollong
Longest Highway: NH-37
Weather: 35 - 380C Max. (Summer),
06 - 090C Min. (Winter)
Transportation: Air, Rail, Road